Amazing National Air and Space Museum Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia

Updated on May 9, 2023 by Julie McCool

The amazing National Air and Space Museum Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia wows visitors with some of the Smithsonian's largest and most impressive aircraft. Housed in two giant hangars, the collection includes a Space Shuttle, Blackhawk SR-17, Concorde, and other huge aircraft. It's an impressive space that is a lot of fun to explore for all ages.

The most popular museum in Virginia, the Udvar-Hazy Center is an excellent year-round destination and is one of the top 10 attractions in Northern Virginia. When the weather turns too hot, rainy, or cold outside, this is one of our favorite indoor activities in Northern VA.

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The Udvar-Hazy Center, one of the most visited museums in the US, is a fantastic place to bring out-of-town visitors. Fortunately, the museum is so huge that crowds won't be a problem no matter when you visit. In addition, admission is free (parking is $15) so it's a great budget day trip close to Washington DC.

The National Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia wows visitors with Smithsonian's impressive aviation collection in a giant, fun to explore hangar.

Things to Do at the Air and Space Museum Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia

The Udvar-Hazy Center is huge so you can easily spend a full day exploring the entire collection, watching a movie in the IMAX theater, and trying some of the interactive exhibits. If you only have a few hours, focus on some of the highlights of the Udvar-Hazy Center collection (list below).

Whether you spend a few hours or a full day, prepare for walking. The museum collection is spread out across three large hangars with concrete floors.

Here are the top 9 things to see at the Udvar-Hazy Center, according to the Smithsonian:

  1. Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird: the world's fastest jet-propelled aircraft.
  2. Space Shuttle Discovery: spent 365 days in space during 39 Earth-orbital missions.
  3. Boeing B-29 Superfortress “Enola Gay”: dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima in 1945.
  4. Air France Concorde: the first supersonic airline which flew at twice the speed of sound and could cross the Atlantic in just 4 hours.
  5. Bücker Jungmeister: an aerobatic flyer popular in shows in Europe and the US.
  6. Boeing 367-80: aka the Dash 80, was developed into the first US jetliner, the 707.
  7. Marauder B-25 B-26 “Flak-Bait”: survived more World War II operational air missions over Europe than any other US aircraft.
  8. Boeing 307 Stratoliner Clipper “Flying Cloud”: a beautiful 33-passenger aircraft flown by Pan Am.
  9. Grumman F-14D Tomcat: a supersonic strike fighter.

Of course, interests vary and the whole collection is worth checking out. Read on for things to do and see at the Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center.

Explore the Udvar-Hazy Smithsonian Collection

Like at most museums, the main activity for visitors is to walk around and explore the exhibits. At the Udvar-Hazy Center, exhibits are spread across three levels throughout two vast hangars. You can easily spend hours slowly working your way through the whole collection.

Several new aircraft are added to the displays and more undergo restoration every year. Visitors can now see the Mercury Freedom 7 capsule which carried Alan Shepard into space 50 years ago.

For the first time, visitors can take a close-up look at a U.S. Navy Blue Angels Hornet. Plus, sci-fi fans will be excited to see the addition of a full-sized X-wing Starfighter that appeared in Stars Wars: The Rise of Skywalker.

View from the catwalk at the Smithsonian Air and Space Stephen F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Northern Virginia.
Smithsonian Stephen F. Udvar-Hazy Center

If time or attention spans are short, we suggest focusing on a few highlights. After you pass security, go straight to the rail for your first look at the huge Boeing Aviation Hangar. Ahead of you is the spooky-looking Blackbird SR-71, the world's fastest jet-propelled aircraft. and behind it, the Space Shuttle Discovery.

Family fun Udvar-Hazy Air and Space
Boeing Aviation Hangar overlook

Our preferred route from the overlook is to head downstairs and straight ahead to the McDonnell Space Hangar. Here you can get a close-up look at the Space Shuttle Discovery which flew the most Earth-orbital miles during its 27 years in service. The Discovery carried 184 crew members into space including astronaut John Glenn who returned to space at age 77.

Blackbird and Shuttle Udvar-Hazy Air and Space
Blackbird and Shuttle Udvar-Hazy Air and Space

Other spacecraft and space artifacts around Discovery cover the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo missions. For example, a Mobile Quarantine Facility was used by astronauts Buzz Aldrin, Neil Armstrong, and Michael Collins after their trip to the moon.

Space Shuttle Discovery at Udvar-Hazy Center
Space Shuttle Discovery at Udvar-Hazy Center

Standing next to the Space Shuttle is truly inspiring. Take time to walk around and take in the scale of the engines. Also, notice the complex tiled exterior and the visible scars from its many missions in space.

Discovery engines Udvar-Hazy Air and Space Museum
Discovery engines Udvar-Hazy Air and Space Museum

Around the shuttle, additional artifacts and displays share details about the human journey into space.

Astronaut gear Udvar-Hazy Air and Space
Astronaut Gear Udvar-Hazy Air and Space

After the McDonnell Space Hangar, we like to explore general aviation displays on the first floor. Finally, we head up to the catwalk for an amazing view and additional exhibits.

Udvar-Hazy Military Aircraft
Udvar-Hazy Military Aircraft

The variety and scale of the aircraft—from the shiny Clipper Flying Cloud, to the streamlined Concorde, to the historic Enola Gay—always impresses. The Boeing Aviation Hangar is three football fields long so allow plenty of time to see the full collection.

Clipper Flying Cloud Historic Aircraft at the Smithsonian Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center Virginia
Clipper Flying Cloud

If you have more time or members of your group have specific interests, there is plenty more to see throughout all three levels of the hangar.

Catch an IMAX Movie or a Simulation Ride

The Udvar-Hazy Center includes an Airbus IMAX Theater with a five-story high screen and several 3D movies to choose from. Buy advance tickets online to ensure access to your favorite movie, or just see what's available when you arrive. There are also simulator rides on the main floor of the Boeing Hangar.

Simulator Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia
Simulator Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia

See Aircraft Restoration in Action

Ar the Mary Baker Engen Restoration Hangar visitors can watch restorations in process from a mezzanine. Special tours of the restorations are offered every January. During our visit, we saw the Friendship 7 capsule and Flak-bait, which flew the most missions during World War II, being readied for restoration.

Restoration Hanger Udvar-Hazy Air and Space
Restoration Hangar Udvar-Hazy Air and Space

Observe Live Flights at Dulles International Airport

Near the IMAX theater entry, a short elevator ride takes visitors up to the Observation Tower. Level two explains the workings of the US Air Traffic Control system. On the top floor, enjoy excellent views of Dulles Airport and the surrounding countryside.

Udvar-Hazy Engen Observation Tower
Udvar-Hazy Engen Observation Tower

If your timing is good, you may see flights as they take off and land. Sometimes the flights pass directly above the tower, a dramatic sight.

Enjoy an Expert-led Tour or Special Event

Free docent-led tours are offered daily at 10:30 and 1:00. Often, aviation experts are on hand signing books and doing special presentations.

Docents Udvar-Hazy Air and Space
Docents at Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center

The museum hosts some fantastic special events throughout the year including a special Father's Day display. In addition, monthly Family Days focus on topics such as Women in Aviation. There's also a very popular Halloween trick-or-treating event every year on the Saturday before Halloween.

Photo: National Air and Space Museum Udvar-Hazy Center
Photo: National Air and Space Museum Udvar-Hazy Center

Tips for Your Visit to the Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia

Admission to the Udvar-Hazy Center is free but parking is $15.00. If you arrive after 4:00 PM, parking is free, but the museum normally closes at 5:30 so your visit will be short.

There is a fun store where you can buy a real space blanket, space-inspired games, and gear. You can even buy an astronaut suit for the little ones.

Udvar-Hazy Air and Space Museum space blankets
Udvar-Hazy Center store space blankets

Next door is a Shake Shack, the only restaurant at the museum, which serves a fast-casual menu of burgers, hot dogs, fries, shakes, and more. Outside food and drink are prohibited so Shake Shack is your only food and beverage option.

Remember, plan for a lot of walking! Wear comfortable shoes and bring a stroller for little ones. The huge hangars require a lot of walking on concrete floors. Strollers are allowed everywhere except the Observation Tower and the museum is wheelchair accessible.

The Smithsonian Air And Space Museum, Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center is located at 14390 Air and Space Museum Parkway in Chantilly, Virginia. Visit the museum website for the latest updates on events and displays.

It is easier to reach the Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia via public transportation now that the Silver Line Metro has been extended to Dulles Airport. From the airport, take the Fairfax Connecter No 983 bus one stop to the museum.

A Little Udvar-Hazy Center History

This gem in Smithsonian Institution's collection opened in 2003 at the south end of Dulles International Airport in Northern Virginia. The location met two key criteria for the project:

  • it is within one hour's drive of the National Mall in Washington DC
  • it offers sufficient open land and is adjacent to an airport. With access to nearby runways, new acquisitions can be brought to the display space.

In 2012, Space Shuttle Discovery was flown in, strapped atop a Boeing 747. Locals were treated to several flyovers in Washington DC and Northern Virginia before the plane landed at Dulles. Direct airport access makes it possible for the museum to bring in and house new large aircraft like the shuttle. This would be impossible in the National Mall location.

Steven F. Udvar-Hazy donated $65 million for the museum's construction, making this one of the few Smithsonian buildings created with private funds.

Since its opening, the National Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia has grown to an average of one million visitors a year. With its impressive scale and extensive collection, the museum makes a fun and interesting destination for locals and visitors in the Northern Virginia and Washington DC region. And it's the perfect place to beat the heat or escape the cold.

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The National Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia wows visitors with Smithsonian's impressive aviation collection in a giant, fun to explore hanger.
Smithsonian Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Center, Virginia