Bull Run Occoquan Trail: Fountainhead to Bull Run Marina Hike

The Fountainhead to Bull Run Marina hike follows the Bull Run Occoquan Trail along the Bull Run Stream Valley and Occoquan Reservoir at the western edge of Fairfax County. The full trail is 18 miles long, beginning at Fountainhead Regional Park in the south and ending at Bull Run Regional Park in the north. A gem in the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority (NOVA Parks) collection, the trail offers a peaceful hike through woodlands and along waterways.

Fountainhead to Bull Run Marina hike Virginia
Bull Run Occoquan Trail mileage sign Virginia


Fountainhead to Bull Run Marina Hike

Our southeastern segment of the Bull Run Occoquan Trail weaves through the woods, climbing up and down ridges, occasionally following the edge of the Occoquan Reservoir. It’s six-and-a-half miles (one way) from Fountainhead to Bull Run Marina, but there are helpful parking areas that allow you to break the hike into two-mile segments if you choose.

While the trail is well marked and easy to follow thanks to the maintenance efforts of PATC, the frequent, steep hills will give you a workout and may not be a good fit for very young children. There are several stream crossings and waterside areas that will be muddy or flooded after heavy rains or snowmelt.

The trail begins at the main Fountainhead Regional Park parking lot on the right, near the mini-golf and restrooms (closed in the off season). Just after you begin your hike, stop at the Davis Lewis Cemetery on the left, to see several grave markers from the 1800s and early 1900s, and some beautiful old cedars and boxwoods.

Bull Run Occoquan Trailhead at Fountainhead Park
Bull Run Occoquan Trailhead  and cemetery at Fountainhead Regional Park, Virginia

Bull Run Occoquan Trail cemetery Virginia

The trail is heavily wooded all the way to Bull Run Marina, and you’ll do a lot of climbs and descents as you move along the ridges. Most of the trees are oak, though you’ll also see stands of hemlock and pine, and the trail is bordered by mountain laurel in many areas. Pretty pink, white, and grey granite rocks stick up from the forest floor. Just after the two mile marker, the trail crosses Wolf Run Shoals Road and some very interesting history (details below).

Bull Run Occoquan Trail ferns Virginia
Bull Run Occoquan Trail ferns


The remaining four miles to the Bull Run Marina continue through the forest and along the reservoir. There are several stream crossings, with wooden bridges over the larger streams, though one bridge was washed out. A series of rocks made the stream passable, but it would be difficult to make it across dry with higher water levels.

Bull Run Occoquan Trail walkway Virginia
Bull Run Occoquan Trail bridge and walkway


History on the Fountainhead to Bull Run Marina Hike

Just after the two mile marker at Wolf Shoals Road you’ll reach the Fairfax Buckley Cemetery. According to the Fairfax County Cemetery Preservation Association:

[quote]Confederate veteran, Wellington Fairfax and his family members are buried there… [including] four relatives who died in 1918, possibly as a result of the Spanish influenza outbreak. One of these, Robert Makely, was a member of the Independent Order of Foresters, a fraternal organization that traces its origins back to medieval times and the Royal Forests of the United Kingdom. [/quote]

Wellington Fairfax grave marker Virginia
Wellington Fairfax grave marker


There is a small parking area near the cemetery and additional space at the end of Wolf Shoals Road, so you could turn back now, then park here to start the next two mile segment. We don’t know about security in the area; you might be better off breaking the hike into three mile stretches, parking at the busier lots on each end.

Of course, no hike in the Virginia countryside would be complete without a little Revolutionary and Civil War history. At the end of Wolf Shoals Road, just off the trail, you’ll find both. An informational Civil War Trails sign describes the strategic crossing point nearby used by Union and Confederate forces during the Civil War.

Wolf Run Shoals historic marker Virginia
Wolf Run Shoals historic marker


Nearby, a marker notes that the trail here follows a section of the Washington Rochambeau Wagon Route, a 600 mile long route from Virginia to New England traveled by American and French forces before the climactic Battle of Yorktown.

Washington Rochambeau Wagon Route sign Virginia
Washington Rochambeau Wagon Route sign


We enjoyed the Fountainhead to Bull Run Marina Hike in early spring after a dry spell. The lack of foliage allowed for more views of the river from the ridges. In May and June, hikers will see wildflowers and blooming mountain laurel along the trail. Summer can be humid and buggy, but at least the woods provide good shade throughout the hike. This would also be a fun winter hike as long as the ground isn’t icy or very saturated.

If you start from the Bull Run Marina side of this hike, park at the large lot across from the marina parking (which is closed in the off season). The trail is easy to access past the building at one end of the lot.

Another of our favorite segments of the Bull Run Occoquan Trail begins at the end of Yates Ford Road, and can be happily combined with a winery stop: Bull Run Occoquan Trail and Paradise Springs Winery. After your hike, we highly recommend a visit to enjoy the charms of Clifton, Virginia.

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The Fountainhead to Bull Run Marina hike weaves through the woods on the Bull Run Occoquan Trail, climbing ridges that border Occoquan Reservoir.

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